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  • Qu’est-ce qu’une femme?
    THOMAS, Antoine-Leonard (1732-1767).
    Essai sur le Caractère, les Mœurs et l’Esprit des Femmes dans les différens siecles, par M. Thomas, de l’Académie Françoise. Paris, Moutard, 1772.

    First Edition. Four works in one volume, 8vo (188 x 115 mm), engraved frontispiece by Cochin and pp. [iv], 210, [2]; Boufflers: pp. 26; Voltaire: pp. 12; Voltaire: pp. 11, [1], in contemporary plain calf, triple gilt filet to covers, flat spine gilt in compartments, morocco label lettered in gilt, marbled blue endpapers and matching blue marbled edges, with the contemporary heraldic bookplate and printed booklabel of M. Ch. Millon de Montherlant.

    A good copy of the first edition of Thomas' popular and wide-ranging study of women. He gives the history of concubines, the heroines of Sparta,… (more)

    A good copy of the first edition of Thomas' popular and wide-ranging study of women. He gives the history of concubines, the heroines of Sparta, Athenian prostitutes and famous women of the modern era. He examines the influence on women of Christianity and chivalry and compares the different abilities of women and men. Even though in general women he deems women not to be very talented or capable of serious study, nonetheless he does endow them with some qualities. Translated into English as An Essay on the Character, Manners and Genius of Women in different Ages, London 1773, by a Mr. Russell. Another English translation, by Mrs. Kindersley, followed in 1781. More recently, a scholarly edition has been published under the title Qu’est-ce qu’une femme?, Paris, 1989, with commentaries by Diderot and Madame d’Épinay and a preface by Élisabeth Badinter.

    Bound after Thomas’ famous essay are three scarce pamphlets:
    1. BOUFFLERS, Stanislas-Jean de (1738-1815).
    Lettres de M. le Chevalier de Boufflers, pendant son voyage en Suisse, à Madame sa Mère. En Suisse, 1772.
    Second edition of this scarce pamphlet first published in 1771. OCLC lists BN, Geneva, Cornell (and BN only of the 1771 edition).
    2. VOLTAIRE
    Lettre de M. de V... Sur un écrit anonyme. [s.l. probably Paris or Lyon], 1772.
    A scarce edition of Voltaire’s reply to an anonymous pamphlet entitled Réflexions sur la jalousie, pour servir de commentaire aux derniers ouvrages de M. de Voltaire, Amsterdam 1772. The author of the pamphlet has been identified as Charles Georges Leroy. The first edition of Voltaire’s riposte was published ‘à Ferney 20 avril 1772’. With one or two small differences, the text of this edition matches that published in the Mercure in June 1772.
    OCLC lists BN, Institut et Musée Voltaire, Toronto and Yale.
    BN Voltaire Catalogue 4283; not in Bengesco.
    3. VOLTAIRE
    La Bégueule. Conte Moral. [Paris], 1772.
    First Edition of Voltaire’s satirical verse conte in which his heroine, bored by her life of luxury, takes a lover to add spice to her life. Famously, this tale contains the first appearance of Voltaire’s phrase ‘le mieux est l’ennemi du bien’.
    OCLC lists BL, Institut et Musée Voltaire, NYPL, Yale, Cambridge, Wake Forest and National Library of Australia.
    BN Voltaire Catalogue 2082; Bengesco 653.

    Cioranescu, 61765; Gay: II: 167.

    View basket More details Price: £800.00
  • Estelle, by FLORIAN, Louis-Pierre Claris de (1755-1794).
    FLORIAN, Louis-Pierre Claris de (1755-1794).
    Estelle, Roman Pastoral. Par M. de Florian, Capitaine de Dragons, et Gentilhomme de S.A.S. Monseigneur le Duc de Penthièvre, des Académies de Madrid, de Florence, de Lyon, de Nismes, d'Angers, &c... Paris, l’Imprimerie de Monsieur, Debure, 1788.

    Third Edition; Same Year and Imprint as First Edition. 8vo, (119 x 115mm), pp. [ii], 235, [1], library stamp on the title page but otherwise an excellent copy, sumputously bound in contemporary or slightly later red morocco, floral border within rules to both covers, flat spine simply gilt in compartments with black morocco label lettered in gilt, silk endpapers, gilt dentelles, binding probably contemporary with the presentation inscription on the front free endpaper 'à Père Charvin ainé, de Lyon... 1815'.

    A charming copy of one of the most important pastoral novels in French literature, including Florian's introductory essay on the pastoral form. Inspired by Daphnis… (more)

    A charming copy of one of the most important pastoral novels in French literature, including Florian's introductory essay on the pastoral form. Inspired by Daphnis and Chloe and set at the end of the fifteenth century, the novel tells of the love of the shepherd Némorin for the beautiful Estelle. She returns his love but out of duty and gratitude is obliged to marry another shepherd, Méril, after he rescues her father. Némorin despairs but is saved by Méril's heroic sacrifice of his own life in battle, a sacrifice made so that the lovers might be united. Estelle is thought to be a rather magnificent heroine, of whom the elderly Buffon remarked: 'la douce, l'aimable, l'intéressante Estelle a suspendu mes maux'.
    'Dans les pastorales comme dans les arlequinades de Florian, toujours le ciel est bleu, l'amour loyal, les femmes chastes; la vertu, qui est spontanée et facile, est infailliblement récompensée. Mais l'auteur n'est pas dupe. Mainteneur fidèle de la tradition arcadienne et utopique immanente à tout le classicisme, il propose au lecteur un pèlerinage aux siècles d'or, un retour anticipé au paradis perdu. Et il est permis de rester sensible encore à la fluidité mélodique de sa prose et de ses vers' (DLF 487).
    Set in the Cévennes, the author's birthplace, this work is also celebrated for its description of the local topography, the mountains, landscapes and flora of the region. 'Je veux célébrer ma patrie', he wrote of Estelle, 'ces beaux climats ou la verte olive, la mure vermeille, la grappe dorée croissent ensemble sous un ciel toujours d'azur'. To augment the local feeling of the work, Florian gives the Provencal translation for a number of the shepherdess' rhymes in the footnotes. The importance of Florian's works to the local community was witnessed in the early twentieth century by the Felibrige revival movement in Provence, which paid an annual tribute to him.
    An enormously popular novel, several editions were published within the first year, at least five bearing the present imprint ('de l'imprimerie de Monsieur', ie the brother of Louis XVI who reigned from 1815 as Louis XVIII). Cioranescu gives the present edition as the first, but MMF demote it to third place.

    Cioranescu 28777; MMF 88.53.

    View basket More details Price: £500.00
  • Fleming Fils, ou la Manie des Systêmes, by LA FONTAINE, Auguste Heinrich Julius (1759-1831).CERENVILLE, Jeanne Eleonore de (1738-1807), translator.
    LA FONTAINE, Auguste Heinrich Julius (1759-1831).
    CERENVILLE, Jeanne Eleonore de (1738-1807), translator.
    Fleming Fils, ou la Manie des Systêmes, traduction libre de l’allemand, d’Auguste Lafontaine, par Madame de Cerenville, traducteur du baron de Fleming. Tome Premier [-Troisième]. Paris, Renard, 1803.

    First Edition in French. Three volumes, 12mo, (168 x 90mm), pp. [iv], xxii, [ii] blank leaf, 208; [iv], 212; [iv], 187, 188-189 advertisements, [1] blank, [193]-216 advertisements, wanting a leaf, presumably blank, between the two sets of publishers’ advertisements, small marginal tear III, 99, some dampstaining at the end of the first volume, scattered foxing, in contemporary half roan over plain blue boards, flat spines simply ruled and gilt in compartments, black morocco labels and numbering pieces, lettered and numbered in gilt, with the contemporary ownership inscription of Charlotte Hornby, 1804, in each volume, the first volume also inscribed ‘Bequeathed to Sophia Hesketh Nov. 2 1805’, with the heraldic bookplate of Sir Thomas Hesketh in each volume and the Easton Neston Library shelfmark label.

    An attractive copy of the first French translation of the second part of Lafontaine’s Leben des Quinctius Heymeran von Flaming, Berlin 1795. This novel was… (more)

    An attractive copy of the first French translation of the second part of Lafontaine’s Leben des Quinctius Heymeran von Flaming, Berlin 1795. This novel was one of Lafontaine’s biggest successes and shows the author at the height of his fictional genius.
    Leben und Thaten des Freiherrn Quinctius Heymeran von Flaming (Berlin, 1795-6) shows how Lafontaine was able to exploit the new wave of ritterromane, and at the same time could refer to and profit from the already firmly established popularity of Siegfried von Lindenberg (1779) by Johann Gottwerth Müller, the so-called 'Itzehoe-Müller ', as he critically dealt with the controversial ideas about physiognomy... This way of profiting from earlier success stories was one important aspect of Lafontaine's own success. He never aspired to create originally conceived works and did not wait for an inspirational impetus: he was an extraordinarily hard-working man who made his living out of writing. Furthermore, he made clever use of what was to be one of the fundamental characteristics of the popular literary field: the principle of repetition... That William Lane's Minerva Press became the principal publisher of Lafontaine's novels in English is hardly surprising. Of the twenty-three translations into English published between 1797 and 1813, eight came from Minerva: the character of the Lafontaine novels suited the Minerva Press excellently, and one could easily have expected an even more dominant Minerva participation’ (Margareta Björkman, ‘High and Low, Some Remarks on the Reading Culture of the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries’, in Romantic Textualities, Issue 3, September 1999).

    OCLC lists UCLA, Yale, Hagley and Cabrini College Library.

    View basket More details Price: £350.00
  • SAINT SIMON, Louis de Rouvroy, duc de (1676-1755).
    Galerie de l'ancienne Cour ou Mémoires Anecdotes pour servir à l’histoire des regnes de Louis XIV et de Louis XV. Tome Premier [-Troisième]. 1786.

    First Edition. Three volumes, pp. xxiv, 379; iv, 476; iv, 456, 461-496, marginal tear to I D3, repaired, and to I G12, with no loss, in contemporary half speckled calf over brown textured boards, brown morocco labels on spines lettered and numbered in gilt.

    Saint Simon’s celebrated Mémoires, ‘one of the most original monuments of French literature’, were principally written between 1740 and 1746 long after he went into… (more)

    Saint Simon’s celebrated Mémoires, ‘one of the most original monuments of French literature’, were principally written between 1740 and 1746 long after he went into retirement. The sparkling wit and complete freedom from restraint of the memoirs - Saint Simon allows his personal hatreds free reign and writes violently against the ‘leprosy’ of equality - make them an enjoyable read as well as being an important, if not altogether impartial, source of information.

    The first two volumes contain a number of extracts from Saint-Simon’s Mémoires, which were not to be published for another couple of years. A fourth volume dealing with the reigns of Henri IV and Louis XIII was added later.

    ‘Tout dans cette Galerie n’est pas tiré de Saint-Simon; il est vraisemblable que Soulavie a été l’éditeur de ce recueil’ (Tchemerzine, V, p. 657).

    Tchemerzine V, p. 657; Formel, Bibliographie des Mémoires de Saint-Simon, p. 50; see Gay II, 381; not in Cioranescu.

    OCLC lists Koninklijke, NYU and Montreal.

    View basket More details Price: £500.00
  • ‘not a Gesner or a Klopstock’
    BEUVIUS, Adam.
    Henriette de Gerstenfeld, ou Lettres écrites pendant la dernière guerre de 1779, pour la Succession de la Baviere, &c. En 3 vol. 8°. ornés de figures en taille-douces. Tome Premier [-Troisième]. Geneva, Nouffer de Rodon, 1782.

    First Edition in French. Three parts in one volume, 12mo, (163 x 95mm), pp. [ii], iv, 174; [ii], 232; [ii], 152, eight engraved plates in the text, considerable browning in the first and last sections, some insignificant tears to text, wanting the front free endpaper, in contemporary calf backed boards, rubbed but sound, spine ruled in gilt with orange label lettered in gilt.

    A scarce translation of this German sentimental novel set in wartime, attributed to the German writer Adam Beuvius. Originally published as Henriette oder der Husarenraub,… (more)

    A scarce translation of this German sentimental novel set in wartime, attributed to the German writer Adam Beuvius. Originally published as Henriette oder der Husarenraub, in Briefen bey Gelegenheit des gegenwärtigen Krieges, Berlin and Leipzig, 1779. It has also been attributed to Christopher Martin Wieland (1733-1813). An English translation of the first volume appeared in Dublin in 1786, with the attribution to Wieland on the title page: Henrietta of Gerstenfeld. Translated from the German of Mr. Wieland, Dublin, H. Chamberlain for the Translator, 1786. The Wieland attribution was dropped when the second volume, which was printed by William Lane at the Minerva Press, followed in 1788: Henrietta of Gerstenfeld; a German Story.
    Andrew Becket evidently expected something more from a German novel: ‘on the score of morality it is truly excellent. -But it is greatly wanting in those delicate and pathetic touches, which so particularly distinguish the writings of a Gesner, and a Klopstock...’ (Monthly Review, quoted in GRS, I, 377).

    OCLC listst BN, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, St. Gallen and Chicago only.

    MMF 82.15; see also Garside, Raven and Schöwerling 1786:17.

    View basket More details Price: £600.00
  • Histoire de M. le Marquis de Cressy, by RICCOBONI, Marie Jeanne Laboras de Mézières, Madame (1713-1792).
    RICCOBONI, Marie Jeanne Laboras de Mézières, Madame (1713-1792).
    Histoire de M. le Marquis de Cressy, Traduite de l’Anglois par Madame de ***. Amsterdam, 1758.

    First Edition. 12mo in eights and fours, (162 x 92mm), pp. [ii], 176, 3 errata, text a little browned and creased in part, in contemporary mottled calf, slightly rubbed, head and tail of spine slightly chipped, marbled endpapers, red edges, with the contemporary ownership inscription of Ernest d’Aumont.

    First edition of one of Riccoboni’s scarcer early novels. Written in the third person, as against the epistolary form that came to be her preferred… (more)

    First edition of one of Riccoboni’s scarcer early novels. Written in the third person, as against the epistolary form that came to be her preferred genre (although some ten letters are given in the body of the text and those mostly in the first half), Histoire de M. le Marquis de Cressy is an analytical sentimental novel in which the egotistical and ambitious Cressy seeks, Valmont-like, to forward his career and his fortune through a series of well-placed seductions. Riccoboni’s interest, as always, lies in the collateral damage done to the female characters through their involvement with the hero and it is in the subtlety and astuteness of Riccoboni’s psychological analysis that the strength of the novel lies.
    ‘The best [of Riccoboni’s novels] is her Histoire de M. le marquis de Cressy (1758), in which the conflict of motive happens to be in the mind of a man. The middle-aged marquis has engaged the affections of a young girl, and for a moment hesitates between the charm of her youth and the worldly advantages of marriage with a beautiful widow who will second his ambitions. He writes one of those sophistical letters in which Madame Riccoboni excelled, explaining to the unfortunate girl that although his heart burns for her he must sacrifice his dreams of happiness. She feels that life for her is over, and takes the veil, bidding her perfidious lover adieu. She loves him yet, though she knows now that she has loved an illusion: it is not the lover that is most regretted, but the sentiment, the enchantment that has flown, the bliss of loving. That is the consolation of the sentimentalist’ (Ernest Albert Baker, The History of the English Novel, v.1 p. 137).
    This was a very popular novel, with several other editions of the French text following in 1758 and subsequent years. An English translation was published in 1765 under the title The History of the Marquis of Cressy. Translated from the French (Block p. 197).

    OCLC lists BN, BL, Göttingen, London Library, British Columbia, UCLA, Yale and Williams College.

    MMF 58:17; Cioranescu 53041.

    View basket More details Price: £600.00
  • TIPHAIGNE DE LA ROCHE, Charles-François (1722-1774).
    Histoire des Galligènes, ou Mémoires de Duncan. Première [-Seconde] Partie. Amsterdam, Arkstée & Merkus, 1765.

    First Edition. Two parts in one volume, 12mo, (164 x 93 mm), pp. [iv], 165, [1] blank; [iv], 136, with the half titles, in contemporary speckled calf, covers bumped, with some careful restoration to the joints, spine gilt in compartments with red morocco label lettered in gilt, marbled endpapers, red edges.

    A legendary rarity among utopias and Tiphaigne de la Roche’s most brilliant work. Once thought to be by Diderot, this is a socialist utopia where… (more)

    A legendary rarity among utopias and Tiphaigne de la Roche’s most brilliant work. Once thought to be by Diderot, this is a socialist utopia where during the course of the novel the author questions the viability of an ideal society. The traveller, Duncan, is shipwrecked in the tropics, only to find himself warmly welcomed by a people speaking an ancient dialect of French. It turns out that the islanders are descended from a Frenchman who had been shipwrecked with his two children and had set about populating the island (which rose out of the sea at the moment of the shipwreck) and building it into a peaceful republic. Equal education for both sexes, no distinctions of rank or private ownership, no priests or organised religion, the islanders even have no concept of individual families, as the children are removed at birth from their mother, as all are deemed to be brothers and the republic to be the mother of all. As the novel progresses, the ideal nature of the island society - or rather of humanity’s ability to achieve utopia - is increasingly questioned and by its conclusion, Tiphaigne de la Roche’s underlying pessimism is tipping the balance from utopia to dystopia.
    ‘Peut-être un example d’une compréhension de Swift rare au XVIIIe siècle... Tiphaigne de la Roche dépeint une société qui a eu toutes les chances d’atteindre à la perfection, mais qui, parce que ses membres sont des mortels avec les caractéristiques innées de la race humaine, se révèle à l’époque où le voyageur européen fait naufrage sur leurs côtes, encore loin d’un état de bonheur complet’ (Goulding, quoted in Gove, p. 354).
    ‘Lichtenberger considère que ce roman utopique est très supérieur à la moyenne du genre. Son originalité réside dans le fait que l’auteur n’a pas une idée statique de l’Etat utopique: il peut y avoir révolte, cet Etat étant enclin à se dégrader comme tout autre système. “Pour son pessimisme ironique et résigné, l’auteur mérite peut-être un souvenir, non seulement parmi les communistes, mais parmi les littérateurs secondaires de son temps”’ (Hartig, p. 58).
    The work was reprinted five years after its first appearance under the longer title Histoire naturelle civile et politique des Galligenes antipodes de la nation françoise, dont ils tirent leur origine; où l’on développe le naissance, les progrès, les moeurs & les vertus singulieres de ces insulaires. Les révolutions & les productions merveilleuses de leur isle, avec l’histoire de leur fondateur, Geneve, Cramer, 1770 (OCLC lists Poitiers, Newberry and Duke only). There were also two reprints in the late twentieth century, by EDHIS and Slatkine. At the time, the only known copy of the work had been in the Bibliothèque Nationale, but it had disappeared (and is still catalogued as ‘indisponible : absence constatée (après récolement)’) and the reprint was only made possible when a copy was found in a private collection.

    OCLC lists copies at the British Library, the European University Institute, University of Gotha and Princeton.

    MMF 65.50; Cioranescu 61982; Gove, The Imaginary Voyage in Prose Fiction, p. 354; Hartig p. 58.

    View basket More details Price: £8,500.00
  • Histoire des Sevarambes, by VAIRASSE (or Veiras d’Allais), Denis (circa 1630-1696).
    VAIRASSE (or Veiras d’Allais), Denis (circa 1630-1696).
    Histoire des Sevarambes, Peuples qui habitent une Partie du troisiéme Continent, communément apellé La Terre Australe. Contenant une Relation du Gouvernement, des Mœurs, de la Religion, & du Langage de cette Nation, inconnuë jusqu’à present aux Peuples de l’Europe. Tome Premier [-Second]. Nouvelle Edition, corrigée & augmentée. Amsterdam, Pierre Mortier, 1715.

    New Edition, Corrected and Enlarged. Two volumes in one, 12mo, (156 x 84mm), pp. xviii, 273; [ii], 247, title page to the first volume laid down, early tears and weakness still visible, outer edges of I, xviii and II, 21 & 23 reinforced, in contemporary green morocco, spine faded, gilt in compartments with red morocco label lettered in gilt, marbled endpapers and edges.

    A handsome copy of this important early utopia set in Australia, said to be the most complex and accomplished of all fictional utopias. Denis de… (more)

    A handsome copy of this important early utopia set in Australia, said to be the most complex and accomplished of all fictional utopias. Denis de Vairasse was a French Huguenot living in London which explains why the first part of the work saw publication in an English translation by A. Roberts, The history of the Sevarites or Sevarambi: a nation inhabiting part of the third continent, commonly called, Terræ australes incognitæ, London, 1675, prior to its first appearance in French. This followed some two years later, when a rather spicier second part was added (for the French market) and it was published in four volumes by Barbin in Paris, 1677-1679. All early editions are scarce.
    ‘Denis Veiras, ou Vairasse, obscur soldat et avocat sans causes qui s’autoproclame, sous l’anagramme de Sévarias, législateur génial et fondateur d’utopie. L’Histoire des Sévarambes et la plus achevée des utopies romanesques. C’est le paradigme de “l’utopie narrative”, selon l’expression de Jean-Michel Racaut, dans un habile équilibre entre la statistique fictive et le voyage imaginaire. Des cinq parties de l’ouvrage, la première raconte une aventure maritime avec naufrage dans les terres australes et robinsonnade, la seconde l’habituel épisode du tourisme utopique et l’installation de Siden (anagramme de Denis) et de ses compagnons chez les Sévarambes pour une quinzaine d’années; les trois dernières sont consacrées à l’histoire et aux moeurs des Sévarambes’ (Utopie, la quête de la société idéale en Occident, p. 179).

    OCLC lists Glasgow, three copies in Paris and UCLA, Delaware, Michigan and Ohio State.

    See Hartig pp. 34 -35 (not listing this edition).

    View basket More details Price: £2,000.00
  • Hurone by VOLTAIRE, François Marie Arouet de (1694-1778).
    VOLTAIRE, François Marie Arouet de (1694-1778).
    Hurone eine wahre Geschichte. Berlin & Leipzig, 1784.

    First Edition in German. 12mo, (158 x 90 mm), pp. [ii], [3]-159, engraved full-length portrait of Voltaire on the title-page, in contemporary half calf over speckled boards, spine gilt in compartments with yellow morocco label lettered in gilt, some worm damage to upper joint, initials ‘IVP’ stamped at the foot of the title-page, the front endpaper inscribed in a contemporary hand ‘Egeres oberforfer’.

    The scarce first German edition of Voltaire's L'Ingénu, one of Voltaire's most important fictional works, first published in Geneva in 1767. Voltaire himself thought it… (more)

    The scarce first German edition of Voltaire's L'Ingénu, one of Voltaire's most important fictional works, first published in Geneva in 1767. Voltaire himself thought it a superior work to Candide, because it was more realistic: a young Frenchman brought up among the Hurons returns to a corrupt France, to be met by false imprisonment, religious intolerance and a tragic ending.

    OCLC lists Munich, Berlin, Göttingen and Princeton.

    BN Voltaire Catalogue 2862.

    View basket More details Price: £1,400.00
  • engraved by Watelet and Marguerite Lecomte
    Idylles et Poëmes Champêtres by GESSNER, Salomon (1730-1788).HUBER, Michel (1727-1804), translator.
    GESSNER, Salomon (1730-1788).
    HUBER, Michel (1727-1804), translator.
    Idylles et Poëmes Champêtres de M. Gessner, Traduits de l'Allemand par M. Huber, Traducteur de la Mort d'Abel. Lyon, Bruyset, 1762.

    First Edition. 8vo, (162 x 98 mm), engraved frontispiece by Watelet after Lavallée-Poussin and pp. xlvi, [ii], 154, [4], numerous engraved vignettes throughout the text, including twelve engraved head- and tail-pieces by Watelet (including one by Marguerite Lecomte) after Lavallée-Poussin and Pierre, in contemporary mottled calf, triple gilt fillet to covers, flat spine gilt in compartments with red morocco label lettered in gilt, marbled endpapers, red edges, green silk marker, corners very slightly bumped, from the library of Claude Lebédel.

    A handsome copy of this very attractive first French translation of Gessner's Idylles, beautifully illustrated throughout. The frontispiece, depicting a shepherdess in a pastoral scene,… (more)

    A handsome copy of this very attractive first French translation of Gessner's Idylles, beautifully illustrated throughout. The frontispiece, depicting a shepherdess in a pastoral scene, is engraved by Claude-Henri Watelet (1718-1786) after Etienne de La Vallée-Poussin (1735-1802) and there are twelve further engravings in the course of the text, as head- and tail-pieces. Eleven of these are also engraved by Watelet after Lavallée-Poussin and Pierre and the twelfth is by Watelet’s long-term lover, Marguerite Lecomte (1717-1800). Each of the pieces is signed.
    This is an early work by Huber, only preceded by another translation from Gessner, his La mort d'Abel, 1760. Huber, the first to introduce Gessner into France, was to go on to be a prolific writer and translator, always from the German, specialising mainly in poetry and in the history of art, particularly antiquities. He also published a work of instruction in the German language and in 1766 took up a post teaching French at the University of Leipzig. Turgot was among Huber’s students and it was he who supplied the preface to the present work as well as the translation of the first idyll. Huber’s translator’s preface is also of considerable interest for its discussion of contemporary German literature, arguing its superiority over Italian and English literature, analysing the works of several authors and citing numerous passages of particular value to the man of taste.

    Cioranescu 34238; Cohen-de Ricci p. 431.

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  • ‘Olla potrida d’Amouretti, e di Filosofia’
    ARGENS, Jean-Baptiste le Boyer, marquis d' (1704-1771).
    CHIARI, Pietro, translator (1712-1785).
    Il finto Cavaliere o siano le Memorie di Madamigella di Mainville Scritte dal Marchese d’Argens, e per la prima volta Tradotte dal Francese. Venice, Locatelli, 1767.

    First Edition in Italian. 8vo, engraved frontispiece and pp. [iii]-xvi, CXCVII, [8] advertisements, occasional light browning in text, uncut throughout in contemporary white paste-paper boards, spine lettered in ink, remains of library shelf label at foot of spine, early ownership inscription crossed out on front paste down and some faded manuscript notes.

    A good copy of this scarce Italian translation of the Marquis d’Argens’ lively and risqué novel, first published as Mémoires de Mademoiselle de Mainville, ou… (more)

    A good copy of this scarce Italian translation of the Marquis d’Argens’ lively and risqué novel, first published as Mémoires de Mademoiselle de Mainville, ou le Feint Chevalier, La Haye 1736. The eponymous heroine runs away from home in order to avoid being married against her will or sent to a convent. Accompanied by her lover, who refuses to let her go without him and promises solemnly to respect her honour, the two travel together as brother and sister. However, her beauty attracts too much attention and the so-called siblings keep getting into trouble, so our heroine decides to dress as a man in order that the two might travel in safety. ‘Après avoir bien rêvé, ils n’en trouvérent pas de meilleur, que celui de déguiser le sexe de Mademoiselle de Mainville. Elle en comprit elle-même toute la nécessité, & résolut de s’habiller en homme. Dans ce nouvel état, elle parut encore plus belle. Jamais cavalier ne fut d’une figure si aimable & si propre à troubler le repos des Dames’ (I, 32). For a while, they frequent gambling circles where they are very succesful, until an argument lands them in a duel, after which she is arrested and taken to jail. On their travels they meet engagingly louche characters, such as a famous debauched opium addict, numerous swindlers in different guises and a duchess who ‘simply adores opera’.
    With a witty dedication to the shadow of Bayle in which d’Argens regrets that he is unable to dedicate a more serious work than a novel to him, rather than this ‘Pot-pourri d’Amourettes & de Philosophie’ [‘Olla potrida d’Amouretti, e di Filosofia’]. Were he less lazy, and less amorous, he would have finished his Doutes Metaphysiques [‘Dubbj Metafisici’], but in nine months he has barely managed to write three pages. He has therefore let his imagination dictate to his pen and, instead of the words ‘existence’ and ‘determinism’, he has focused on those of ‘Bachus’, ‘pleasure’ and ‘love’.

    See Cioranescu 8306; not in OCLC.

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  • ‘un des documens les plus importants de cet épisode de l’histoire de la Révolution’
    Journal de ce qui s’est passé à la Tour du Temple by CLERY, Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Hanet, dit (1759-1809).
    CLERY, Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Hanet, dit (1759-1809).
    Journal de ce qui s’est passé à la Tour du Temple pendant la captivité de Louis XVI, Roi de France. Paris, Tremblay for the Société Catholique des Bons Livres, 1825.

    12mo (180 x 105 mm), pp. [iv], 191, [1] notes; [2], [195]-296, woodcut printer’s device on title, uncut throughout and largely unopened, some dampstaining in text, in the original printed blue paper wrappers, binder’s thead tied off between pp. 156 and 157, two small tears to the corners of the wrappers, with loss but not touching the printed area, some scuffing and staining to the wrappers, printed on both covers and the spine, where the lettering has been misjudged and consequently extends beyond the spine onto the covers, the covers printed within outer frames of fleurons enclosing the title on the front and the notice to subscribers on the rear, the spine with title, imprint and woodcut ornaments.

    An interesting copy of this provincially printed edition of Cléry’s first-hand account of the captivity of the royal family during the French Revolution. Cléry was… (more)

    An interesting copy of this provincially printed edition of Cléry’s first-hand account of the captivity of the royal family during the French Revolution. Cléry was Louis XVI’s valet de chambre and attended the king during his imprisonment in the Temple. The present work is an intimate portrayal of the days leading up to the king’s execution on 21st January 1793. The second part contains accounts of the other members of the royal family held in the prison: ‘Détails curieux et exacts sur les quatre prisonniers du temple qui ont survécu a sa majesté Louis XV’, starting with Marie-Antoinette (pp. 229 - 254), then Madame Elisabeth (pp. 255-264), Louis XVII (pp. 265-283) and Madame Royale, the Duchess of Angoulême (pp. 285-296). First published in 1798, this was a hugely popular work which was frequently reprinted.
    An attractive copy in the original printed wrappers. A nice anomoly of this edition, which was printed in the provinces, in Senlis, for the Catholic Society of Good Books in Paris, is that the spine width has been significantly misjudged by the printers so that more than two letters of ‘Journal’ are visible only on the sides.

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  • Katholisches Gebet und Erbauungsbuch im Geiste der Religion Jesu: by NATTER, Johann Joseph (b.1797).
    NATTER, Johann Joseph (b.1797).
    Katholisches Gebet und Erbauungsbuch im Geiste der Religion Jesu: verfasst von J.J. Natter. Prague, 1814.

    8vo (170 x 98 mm), pp. [iv], vi, [2], 284, frontispiece with steel engraving of Virgin and Child, occasional very minor toning, slight foxing to frontispiece and title-page, in contemporary freestyle sheepskin, single gilt fillet bordered with gilt stylised floral roll, small gilt stylised clovers to corners, spine gilt, red striped endpapers, a.e.g., preserved in original marbled and floral paper slipcase, leather surface a bit creased, joints, head and foot of spine minimally rubbed.

    A successful German work of Catechism and moral edification, in an exquisite eighteenth-century Czech binding. First published in 1800, it was written by the Prague-born… (more)

    A successful German work of Catechism and moral edification, in an exquisite eighteenth-century Czech binding. First published in 1800, it was written by the Prague-born theologian Johann Joseph Natter, a talented author of devotional handbooks which were less heavily concentrated on the Scriptures, instead focussed on encouraging charity and a peaceful state of mind. The present work features prayers and meditations for each day of the week as well as for specific religious occasions, such as Communion. As a contemporary German periodical wrote of a later edition, ‘the form and the content justify the favourable reception it has obtained everywhere’ (Allgemeine Zeitung Munchen, 1830, 19)

    OCLC lists this edition at Freiburg, Cologne and the National Libraries of Poland and the Czech Republic.

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  • BOUDIER DE VILLEMERT, Pierre Joseph (b. 1716?).
    L’Ami des femmes. Paris, 1759.

    12mo, pp. 182, [1], in contemporary English speckled calf, ruled border to covers, spine ruled in gilt with red morocco label lettered in gilt.

    An attractive copy of this Rousseau inspired handbook for young women. First published in 1758 and a best-seller in France, Boudier de Villemert’s text discusses… (more)

    An attractive copy of this Rousseau inspired handbook for young women. First published in 1758 and a best-seller in France, Boudier de Villemert’s text discusses women's rank in society and suggests possible reforms to this. Neatly arranged in chapters by subject, it discusses the education of girls and their suitable occupations; it talks of luxury and dress, love, gallantry and marriage, condemning idleness and cosmetics and advocating maternal breast-feeding. It was published in English as The Ladies Friend, but not until 1766, which explains the English binding on this considerably earlier French edition.
    ‘Ce n’est ici ni une parodie, ni une imitation de l’Ami des Hommes. Cet Ouvrage a un caractère particulier, qui pourroit bien ne faire que de mauvais Copistes; mais il m’a fourni l’idée d’adresser aux Femmes quelques avis, & de discuter avec elles leurs propres intérêts. Il convenoit de prendre un ton moins haut, & d’aller, pour ainsi dire, terre à terre avec nos belles Philosophes... Je souhaite que ces idées de réforme ne leur déplaisent pas’ (Avertissement).

    See Cioranescu 13039-13043.

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  • GÉNARD, Françcois, (ca. 1722-1764).
    L’Ecole de l'Homme, ou Paralléle des Portraits du Siècle, & des Tableaux de l'Ecriture Sainte. Ouvrage moral, critique & anecdotique. Nouvelle Edition. Tome Premier [-Second]. Londres, 1759.

    New Edition. Two volumes in one, 12mo (164 x 92 mm), pp. [iv], xxiv, 224; [iv], 259, some light browning in the text, in contemporary mottled calf, blind ruled filet to covers, spine gilt in compartments with red morocco label lettered in gilt, slightly worn at extremities, top of front joint cracking, blue marbled endpapers, pink silk marker, blue marbled edges, from the library of Claude Lebédel.

    A virulent satire against church and state, this work, first published in 1752, was seized on publication and the author was imprisoned in the Bastille.… (more)

    A virulent satire against church and state, this work, first published in 1752, was seized on publication and the author was imprisoned in the Bastille. Written in the form of La Bruyère’s Caractères, the most outrageous attacks are on the Dauphin and the King himself but the work is far-reaching in the savagery with which swathes of society, including actors, bankers, magistrates, bishops and aristocrats, are targetted. Many leading figures are lampooned: Maupeou, who is ridiculed on account of his tyrannic wife, Helvetius, Samuel Bernard, the Duc de Richelieu, the Marquise de Pompadour and Quénay all fall under Génard’s ruthless satire.
    The dedication is to 'la vertueuse et aimable mademoiselle F...L.D.', ie Françoise Le Duc. It is signed De Gran, which is of course an anagram of Genard. The first part has a lengthy and comic introduction entitled 'idée de l'auteur', in which Genard sketches the state of current literature and his chosen place within it. 'On a travaillé ici à tenter tous les goûts, à instruire tous les états, & à enlever le brut de tous les sentimens. Morale pure & délicate; critique fine & sans aigreur, Anecdotes curieuses & sans calomnie. Chacun doit y trouver de quoi lui plaire: car qui n'aime à s'instruire des vices d'autrui, & à les paraphraser?' (idée de l'auteur, p. xvii). Each of the three parts of the work have a 'Clef Naturelle' to the identity of the characters mentioned or satirised in the text.
    Genard's work became extremely popular and was republished several times in French between 1752 and 1759. An English translation, The School of Man, a Moral, Critical and Anecdotal Work appeared in 1753 and ran to at least five editions. Genard also wrote a companion volume L'Ecole de la Femme, while he was in exile in Holland after his release from the Bastille. This was translated into English as The School of Woman: or, memoirs of Constantia. Addressed to the Duchess of ***, London 1753. Both works have also been attributed to Dupuis, a soldier in the guards, though Cioranescu thinks this is doubtful.

    See Cioranescu 30577; Quérard III, 302; Darnton 182.

    OCLC lists Wuerzburg and Lyon only.

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  • with the important catalogue of books published by Bauche
    ESTEVE, Pierre (1720-1790).
    L’Esprit des Beaux Arts. Tome Premier [-Second]. Paris, Bauche, 1753.

    First Edition. Two volumes in one, 12mo, (165 x 88mm), pp. [iv], 252, [3] contents and errata; [iv], 231, [3] contents and errata, [5] privilege, 17 publisher’s catalogue, engraved vignettes on both title pages, with the half titles, in contemporary calf, a little dusty and worn, headcap missing, spine gilt in compartments with dark morocco label lettered in gilt, marbled endpapers, red edges.

    First edition of a wide-ranging study of the arts by Pierre Estève, a medical doctor attached to the University of Montpellier and the author of… (more)

    First edition of a wide-ranging study of the arts by Pierre Estève, a medical doctor attached to the University of Montpellier and the author of numerous works on astronomy, music, language and aesthetics. Beginning with an examination of the nature of language, and the French language in particular, Estève proceeds to a detailed discussion of music, touching on its history, comparing ancient and modern taste in music and discussing the principles of melody, recitative and French opera, as well as dance and ballet. A final part is devoted to architecture, with specific reference to theatre architecture.
    Bound after the work is Bauche’s extensive publisher’s catalogue, which lists some three hundred titles in the fields of philosophy, literature and science. This catalogue is of particular importance as many of Bauche’s publications were controversial and did not bear his name in the imprint. For example it was Bauche who published Diderot’s Lettre sur les Sourds et Muets, 1741, which was published with simply the date as imprint, but is openly listed here.
    With attractive engraved vignettes on both title-pages, by Pierre-Alexandre Aveline (1710-1760). The first of these, which is unsigned, bears the inscription, ‘le plaisir des beaux Arts, est le plaisir des Sages’.

    Cioranescu 27897; Cohen-de Ricci 363.

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  • ‘les livres de Goudar sont aussi rares qu’il fut auteur fécond’ (Mars)
    L'Espion François à Londres; by GOUDAR, Pierre Ange (1720-1791).
    GOUDAR, Pierre Ange (1720-1791).
    L'Espion François à Londres; ou Observations Critiques sur l’Angleterre et sur les Anglois. Par Mr. le Chevalier de Goudar. Ouvrage destiné à servir de Suite à l’Espion Chinois du même Auteur. Premier [-Second] Volume. ‘Londres, aux dépens de l’Auteur’, 1780.

    Second Extant Edition. Two volumes in one, 12mo, (166 x 98 mm), pp. xii, 286; xii, 314, with half titles and table of contents to each volume, in contemporary calf, gilt tooled border to covers, spine elaborately gilt in continuous pattern with black morocco label lettered in gilt, marbled endpapers and edges.

    A scarce satirical portrait of England by Ange Goudar, adventurer, government agent, writer, gambler, swindler and friend of Casanova. Intended as a sequel to his… (more)

    A scarce satirical portrait of England by Ange Goudar, adventurer, government agent, writer, gambler, swindler and friend of Casanova. Intended as a sequel to his successful L’Espion chinois: ou, l’envoyé secret de la cour de Pékin, 1764, which exposed the corruption at the heart of the ancien régime in France, Goudar’s L’Espion françois à Londres, subjects English society, commerce and government to ruthless scrutiny. Alongside the biting satire comes a grudging admiration of some things English, in particular the promotion of industry, the recognition of the importance of America and the English Constitution, which he describes as ‘un superbe édifice’ (I, 47).
    L’Espion françois à Londres first appeared in London, where it was published in instalments between 1778 and 1779, but no copies of this original periodical appear to have survived. The first book edition followed in 1779, printed in France under a false ‘Londres’ imprint, as here. It is very rare, with only a handful of known copies in institutions and no copies of either that or the present edition in auction records for the past thirty years. Mars describes the present edition as a Paris piracy, but suggests the possibility that Goudar himself may have had something to do with the printing of one or other of these editions. A contemporary account of the original London printing, which talks of Goudar’s ‘goût de terroir’, shows that the extant editions vary considerably from the original English printing.

    Mars, Ange Goudar, Cet Inconnu, Nice 1966, no. 138; see also Darnton, The Corpus of Clandestine Literature in France 1769-1789, no. 207; Cioranescu 31501.

    ESTC t97973, at BL, Cambridge, Bodleian, Taylorian, Rylands; several copies in Poland and two in France; Harvard, Queen’s University, Stanford and Clark.

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  • including the Cathéchisme de l’honnête homme
    VOLTAIRE, François Marie Arouet de (1694-1778).
    L'Évangile de la Raison, Ouvrage Philosophique. Holland? 1765.

    8vo, (192 x 115 mm), pp. viii (paginated ‘6’), 254, some scattered light foxing in the text, in contemporary calf, front joint splitting at head and foot, spine gilt in compartments, red and brown morocco labels lettered in gilt, the top label lettered ‘Oeuvre de Voltair’, evidently this work bound uniformly with other volumes not present here, marbled endpapers, red edges.

    A scarce Dutch edition of this key compilation of four inflammatory works by Voltaire, first published in 1764 and condemned. The works are Testament de… (more)

    A scarce Dutch edition of this key compilation of four inflammatory works by Voltaire, first published in 1764 and condemned. The works are Testament de Jean Meslier, Catéchisme de l’Honnête-Homme, Sermon des cinquante and Saül et David. A fifth work, Examen de la Religion, is thought to have been written by La Serre and not by Voltaire. This is the first of several similar compilations edited and published by Voltaire under provocative titles.
    ‘Ce recueil, probablement imprimé en Hollande et publié en 1764, réunit cinq ouvrages explosifs contre le christianisme, tous anonymes naturellement... le titre montre, à côté des ‘Sermons’, ‘Catéchismes’, ‘Homélies’, l’étonnante récupération, de la part d’un auteur qui juge incompatibles christianisme et raison, de la terminologie de l’adversaire. La composition de ce livre était due à Voltaire lui-même, qui réalisa là sa première ‘collection’ d’écrits contre l’Infàme’ (Marie-Hélène Cotoni, Inventaire Voltaire, p. 513).
    This edition contains the same pieces as the first edition, with Saül being placed as the last piece in the collection and being described on the half-title as an ‘hyperdrame’ rather than a ‘tragédie’. This is a translation from the English, The man after God’s own heart, London 1760, by Peter Annet (1693-1769). The other pieces are in the same order and all, with the exception of Testament de Jean Meslier, have half-titles. The half-title to l’Examen bears the date 1764.

    BN Voltaire Catalogue 5229; Bengesco 1897 A, p. 389.

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  • L'Homme Moral, by LEVESQUE, Pierre Charles (1736-1812).
    LEVESQUE, Pierre Charles (1736-1812).
    L'Homme Moral, ou l’Homme Considéré tant dans l’Etat de pure Nature, que dans la société. Par P. Ch. Levesque. Amsterdam, 1775.

    First Edition. 8vo, (152 x 92mm), pp. viii, 279, attractive printer’s device on title-page, in contemporary mottled sheep, stain to lower board, spine gilt in compartments, red morocco label lettered in gilt, speckled edges, spine distintively gilt and lettered ‘Fouche’, in gilt.

    Scarce first edition of a popular work of ethics by one of Diderot’s protégés. The son of an engraver, Levesque worked for a while in… (more)

    Scarce first edition of a popular work of ethics by one of Diderot’s protégés. The son of an engraver, Levesque worked for a while in the family business while publishing numerous literary and philosophical works which gained him considerable attention. In 1773, Diderot recommended him to Catherine II, and soon afterwards he became a professor at the Ecole des Cadets in Saint Petersburg, where he remained for seven years. On his return he published the work which made his name, Histoire de Russie, tirée des chroniques originales de pièces authentiques et des meilleurs historiens de la nation, 1782, which was hugely popular both in France and Russia. He was elected to the Académie des Inscriptions and then to the Collège de France. He later translated Xenophon, Plutarch and Thucicides into French for Didot’s series of Moralistes anciens and collaborated with Watelet on a dictionary of painting and sculpture.
    L’Homme Moral is a philosophical examination of the effect of society on man’s moral nature, a comparison of ‘L’Homme Sauvage’ (pp. 5-19) with ‘L’Homme en Société’ (pp. 19-26). The work is divided into forty-four chapters each addressing one aspect of human life, such as equality, government, love, adultery, education, luxury, marriage, duels, suicide and pleasure.

    OCLC lists Cambridge, Bodleian, McMaster, UC San Diego, Yale, Chicago, Michigan and Princeton.

    Cioranescu 40097.

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  • POINSINET DE SIVRY, Louis (1733-1804).
    La Berlue. ‘Londres’, i.e. Paris, 1759.

    First Edition? 18mo (124 x 70 mm), pp. x, 166, marginal tear to A2, with loss of upper margin, repaired, just touching the ‘R’ of ‘Epitre’ on the verso, title-page printed in red and black within decorative border, with central bird ornament, in later quarter vellum over patterned boards, spine neatly lettered in red ink.

    A scarce edition, possibly the first, of this jeux d'esprit by Poinsinet de Sivry. The phrase 'j'ai la berlue' translates roughly as 'I must be… (more)

    A scarce edition, possibly the first, of this jeux d'esprit by Poinsinet de Sivry. The phrase 'j'ai la berlue' translates roughly as 'I must be seeing things'; the title here serves to introduce the piercing sight of the author. Born in the middle of the night and kept in a darkened room for the first three weeks of his life, the author is free from that false sight which characterises most human beings. Therefore, in an age of telescopes, lunettes and microscopes, he alone possesses unimpeded natural sight. 'Les uns cherchent dans la lune des habitans qui n'y sont pas, les autres croient dans une mouche des beautés que le microscope y met; les Egyptiens trouvent Dieu dans un oignon; les Romains prennent l'amour-propre pour la vertu; les Zulins, le libertinage pour la liberté, la débauche pour la volupté. Le monde a-t'-il les yeux bien clarifiés?' (pp. 13-14). The dedication (signed 'XRDGISKNPMBF') is to the 'illustrious eagle', king of airy space whose vision pierces the clouds.
    ESTC lists three different ‘Londres 1759’ editions. Priority has not been established, but the old adage of the greater number of pages would suggest this to be the first. Cioranescu gives priority to ESTC t200360 (pp. x, 124) which is held at the Taylorian, Texas and four copies at the BN. ESTC t230225 (pp. [vi], 160) is the scarcest of the three, with only two copies listed, at the Sorbonne and Toronto. The present edition, ESTC t128931 (pp. x, 166), is at the BL, Cambridge, Bodleian, Taylorian; two copies at the BN, four copies in Poland and Wisconsin-Madison, UCLA and Maryland only in America. The work later appeared as La Berlue, ou Nouvelles découvertes sur l’optique, Londres, 1760.

    See Cioranescu 50761; Gay I 376.

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